Neapolis Neapolis is the first European city Paul visits after God tells him to evangelize the continent. The only other mention of the town in the New Testament occurs in 2 Timothy 4:10, where Paul writes that Demas has forsaken him and has gone there. According to Zondervans Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible (not in the digital version), Lukes use of the word was once dismissed as a mistake but is now recognized as a Macedonian term. open map Driving distance between Athens,Greece and Berea, Greece is calculated by google maps and it is 99 mi. (Color Map) Map of New Testament Italy - This map reveals the cities within Italy during the first century A.D., the time of the New Testament. From the 6th to the 9th century it was engaged in repeated struggles against Avars, Slavonians and Bulgarians, whose attacks it repelled with the utmost difficulty. In 253 the Goths had made a vain attempt to capture the city, and again in 479 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, found it so strong and well prepared that he did not venture to attack it. After two days, a traitor led the Persians around the pass behind the Greek army. Foreseeing further trouble if Paul should continue his work in the town, the converts sent Paul and Silas (and possibly Timothy also) by night to Berea, which lay off the main road and is referred to by Cicero as an out-of-the-way town (oppidum devium: in Pisonem 36). An attack was made on the house of Jason, with whom the evangelists were lodging, and when these were not found Jason himself and some of the other converts were dragged before the magistrates and accused of harboring men who had caused tumult throughout the Roman world, who maintained the existence of another king, Jesus, and acted in defiance of the imperial decrees. Athens has mountains around it, including Aigaleo (west), Parnes (north), Pentelikon (northeast), and Hymettus (east). This harbor offered easy access to the Aegean and the south. The country covers a total area of 41,865 sq. . Goodspeed, George Stephen, 1860-1905/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Later, it became Anatolia, Turkey. I am convinced that anyone who invests the time and energy into building better Bible study habits will become passionate about this wonderful way to draw closer to God. Almost certainly Paul returned there on his 3rd missionary journey, both on his way to Greece (Acts 20:1) and again while he was going thence to Jerusalem (Acts 20:3); it is on this latter occasion that we hear of Aristarchus and Secundus accompanying him (Acts 20:4). Read terms of download. u1e #! O:4]2uG:K u The governor exercises authority over a wide district extending from the Euphrates to the Mediterranean. You need 2 hour to reach Berea, Greece from Athens,Greece , if you are travelling by car. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. All Cities Visited by Apostle Paul Large Map. This map of Macedonia includes Thrace, Dacia, and Moesia. ), the Romans divided the conquered territory into four districts, it became the capital of the second of these (Livy xlv.29), while later, after the organization of the single Roman province of Macedonia in 146 B.C., it was the seat of the governor and thus practically the capital of the whole province. Among them was a harbor astride the northernmost tip of the Thermaic Gulf. Prominent Greek Women: Women of Thessalonica, Berea, and Athens (Acts 17) What about the stereotype that ancient women were mostly housebound? . This map shows Greece at the time of the war with Persia in 500-479 B.C. It lies in 40 degrees 40 minutes North latitude, and 22 degrees 50 minutes East longitude, at the northernmost point of the Thermaic Gulf (Gulf of Salonica), a short . Vanderspoel, J. 2. Acts 17:15-16, 22; 18:1; 1 Thessalonians 3:1 . The whole of his route was over historical ground. The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923. This map shows the coast of Asia Minor and islands, including Lesbos. Why couldnt the Athenians understand Paul? Amphipolis, Apollonia, Thessalonica And after journeying through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews (Acts 17:1). What challenge did Paul face before these highly philosophical Greeks? Driving distance between berea and athens, Greece is calculated by google maps and it is 99 mi. (see map, p. 2280). (3) (Berea); A place mentioned in 1 Maccabees 9:4. Paul and Silas came to Berea from Thessalonica which they had been forced by an uproar to leave, and preached in the synagogue to the Jews, many of whom believed after a candid examination of the apostolic message in the light of their Scriptures (Acts 17:10, 11). The calculated flying distance from Thessaloniki to Athens is equal to 189 miles which is equal to 304 km.. From tours to hotels and car rentals, we provide all the essential services to make your trip to Greece the most epic and smooth one. Use this Acts 17 Bible lesson and discuss how three different cities reacted to Paul's preaching of the gospel.. Scripture Focus: Acts 17 Materials: 3-D solids of a cube and a cone (Use the following patterns to create your own if you need them: CUBE; CONE) Geography: Thessalonica, Berea, Athens Singinglemon/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Berea sat at the base of Mount Bermius, which is part of the Vermio Mountains and provides an ample supply of water for the city and the region. All these attributes have resulted in the city being called the key of the whole of Macedonia (Concise Bible Atlas, p. 229, J. Carl Laney, Hendrickson Publishers, 2003). Let's find Thessalonica on the map. Genuine religion gives men the victory over themselves; but a religion of mere intellect and taste is wanting in the qualities essential to raise its possessor above the evils of his nature, and to connect him with God. Jorge Valenzuela A/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Remains of Via Egnatia near Radozda (a village on the shore of Lake Ohrid). For that reason, an overland route was a crucial alternative. Choose the file type and the file format: Because of Thessalonica's importance during the early . Another contrast is that while Amphipolis and Apollonia seem to have had no synagogue, this town did. A description of the town and its ancient remains is given by Leake, Travels in Northern Greece, III, 235;; Cousinery, Voyage dans la Macedoine, I, 23;; Heuzey, Mission archeol. Gill, N.S. DAY 2: INTO THE FOOTSTEPS OF PAUL: Arrive in Thessaloniki where we will be met at the airport for transfer to our hotel. Thessalonica (also Thessalonike) was an ancient city of Macedon in northern Greece which today is the city of Thessaloniki. In addition, the Romans had granted it status as a free city, or one that could govern itself. But the news of this success reached the Thessalonian Jews and inflamed their hostility afresh. The Bereans were residents of the city of Berea in Macedonia. km. Berea Paul, Silas, and Timothy found noble souls to teach during Paul's second missionary journey. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there (Acts 18:18 - 19). Olympus (9,754 ft. high) and 5 ms. e. of the Bermian Mts. Paul Preaches In Thessalonica, Berea and Athens Acts 17 Introduction: 1. Acts 17:13 But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was proclaimed by Paul at Beroea also, they came there likewise, agitating the multitudes. It lies in 40 degrees 40 minutes North latitude, and 22 degrees 50 minutes East longitude, at the northernmost point of the Thermaic Gulf (Gulf of Salonica), a short distance to the East of the mouth of the Axius (Vardar). And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews.11. Perry-Castaeda Library Map Collection, The University of Texas at Austin, 2019. There were also thousands of Greek islands in the Aegean sea, and colonies on the eastern side of the Aegean. 1. Dinner and overnight in Thessaloniki. This map shows Troy and the surrounding area. From Thessalonica, the road went all the way to Constantinople (Istanbul). Aulis was a port town in Boeotia that was used en route to Asia. Timothy rejoined Paul at Athens and was sent back to Thessalonica (see 3:1-5). . Had his oration been a direct attack upon their gods, and the great men of the city who were before him, he would have been in danger of meeting the fate of Socrates. This route is a total distance of around 695 miles. It must be given as food only that which will strengthen the religious experience. The Review and Herald, November 10, 1904. %PDF-1.3 Other literature is of little value when compared with this. Merchants saw the road as valuable. As I began to study Thessalonica, Berea, and Athens, I noticed something that you, too, may have noticed. Acts 17:14. Bible Study Guides - Thessalonica, Berea, and Athens November 7, 2017 by Reformation Herald Publishing January 25, 2015 - January 31, 2015 Key Text "As we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts." I Thessalonians 2:4. The ancient history website points out that the Via Egnatia, in combination with Italys north-south Via Appia, or Appian Way, linked Rome with Byzantium in Asia Minor: anyone coming from Rome and travelling to the east, would come to Brundisium, cross the Adriatic, reach Dyrrhachium (or Apollonia), and continue along the Via Egnatia. Byzantium was the eastern terminus of this 1,120 kilometer-highway (696 miles). Later History:For centuries the city remained one of the chief strongholds of Christianity, and it won for itself the title of "the Orthodox City," not only by the tenacity and vigor of its resistance to the successive attacks of various barbarous races, but also by being largely responsible for their conversion to Christianity.From the middle of the 3rd century A.D. it was entitled "metropolis and colony," and when Diocletian (284-305) divided Macedonia into two provinces, Thessalonica was chosen as the capital of the first of these. Persia attacked Greece in what is known as the Persian Wars. A passage in Thucydides (i.61) relating to the year 432 B.C. The account of Paul and Silas in this location is recorded in Acts 17:10-15. The city of Salonika is located in northern Greece.After the invasion and occupation of Greece in April 1941, Salonika was included in the German occupation zone. Dissertatio geographica, Berlin, 1839; compare also the Histories of Gibbon and Finlay. Humbled by the Centuries Leaving Berea in haste, Paul traveled by sea to Athens ( Acts 17:14-15 ), again just one step ahead of the envious and angry Jews of Thessalonica. They need expect no more favorable reception from a large majority of professed Christians than did Paul from his Jewish brethren. \hRMP0`^\Qj4bM. 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Paul travels to Berea, where he has similar success in the Synagogue in Berea. And that's what they did, as "the Lord's message rang out" from the Thessalonian church ( 1 Thessalonians 1:8 ). N.S. Berea, Thessalonica Source: NASA Seven Churches of Asia in Revelation The seven churches of Asia were written to in the book of Revelation in Revelation chapters 2 and 3. Acts 17:1012. As Paul looked upon the beauty and grandeur surrounding him, and saw the city crowded with idols, his spirit was stirred with jealousy for God, whom he saw dishonored on every side. Howatson, M. C. "The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature." Because of the persecution in Thessalonica, what did the brethren decide to do with Paul? Bible for kids: Paul preaches at Thessalonica, Berea and Athens Acts chapter 17: Acts of the Apostles read for children. From Athens Paul directed his steps to Corinth, where he appears to have arrived in the autumn of A.D.52. Thessaloniki City Map A detailed city map of Thessaloniki, Greece. Butler, Samuel. Caesarea, Ptolemais, Tyre Then we completed our voyage from Tyre and arrived at Ptolemais. Thessalonica - Modern Salonika or Thessalonika. Here we find a large number of resident Jews and a synagogue. Paul began traveling on this highway after crossing the Aegean Sea from Troas, in Asia Minor, to reach Macedonia. Paul wanted to check on the state of the Thessalonians . Ida was sacred to Rhea and held the cave in which she put her son Zeus so he could grow up in safety away from his children-eating father Kronos. Before World War II, Salonika had the largest Jewish community in Greece.At the time of the German occupation, the Jewish population was about 50,000. 1 What sad result must be expected by all who proclaim unpopular truth? On average, I publish three to four new articles a month. Paul disembarked at Neapolis, a port about 10 miles to the southeast of Philippi. Tickets cost 9 - 35 and the journey takes 4h 13m. The apostle spent a number of weeks here during his Second Missionary Journey, establishing a church (Acts 17:1-9) to whom he would, a short time later, write two letters (1 & 2 Thessalonians). Ancient Aegean civilizations include the European Bronze Age time period. It was as a result of the devastation by the Persians of Athens that the great building projects were started under Pericles. The arch itself, which was perhaps erected to commemorate the victory of Philippi, though some authorities assign it to a later date, has been removed, and the inscription is now in the British Museum (CIG, 1967; Leake, Northern Greece, III, 236; Le Bas, Voyage archeologique, number 1357; Vaux, Trans. Ephesus was created in the 10th century B.C. An ancient sanctuary, Delphi is a town in Greece that includes the Oracle where key decisions in the ancient classical world were made. is shown in this map. Royal Sec. We are here in a Greek commercial city and a seaport, a "free city," moreover, enjoying a certain amount of autonomy and its own constitution. History of Persia/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 4.0. In his Epistle to the Thessalonians he expresses his feelings in these words: Left at Athens alone (I Thessalonians 3:1). The death toll from the head-on collision of two trains in central Greece has risen to at least 40 people, with many more . Persians, under Xerxes, invaded Greece. If the people of our time would follow the example of the noble Bereans, in searching the Scriptures daily, and in comparing the messages brought to them with what is there recorded, there would be thousands loyal to Gods law where there is one today. Sketches from the Life of Paul, 88. As observed on the physical map of the Netherlands, it is a very flat country with almost 25% of its land at, or below sea level. When you have eliminated the JavaScript , whatever remains must be an empty page. User:Megistias/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Displaying the boundaries of the Persian Empire, the path of Alexander shows his route on the mission to get Egypt and more. How can the Bereans be an inspiration to us today? Towards the North is Chersonese, while Thrace is to the West, and Colchis is to the East. It is also basically to the north of Greece. He arrived alone, while Silas and Timothy remained in Macedonia. John 7:17. Corinthian immigrants, led by Archias, founded Syracuse before the end of the eighth century B.C. Download story: Paul in Thessalonica and Berea. Cenchrea, Ephesus And after Paul had remained there many days, he took leave of the brethren and sailed away to Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila. When Paul traveled to a new place, if there was a synagogue, he always went there. What victories for Christ were achieved through Paul upon his first arrival in Thessalonica, another Macedonian city? Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. 1 Corinthians 3:1820; 8:1; Jeremiah 9:23, 24. Bible Study Guides Souls Are Crying for Truth, Editorial The Wheat, the Tares and Uncertain Voices, The Cost of Revival and Reformation A Response to Concerns and Objections. "Historical Maps." These, by common consent the earliest of Paul's Epistles, show us that the apostle was eager to revisit Thessalonica very soon after his enforced departure: "once and again" the desire to return was strong in him, but "Satan hindered" him (1 Thessalonians 2:18)-a reference probably to the danger and loss in which such a step would involve Jason and the other leading converts. And thats why the Concise Bible Atlas states that Bereas significance in Lukes narrative lies in its secluded nature (p. 230). Jkov(QajbQML(#P2CYe]l+WM In my last post I wrapped up the word studies for the chapter. Choose volunteers to read Acts 17:1-3 . 17 When Paul and his companions had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a Jewish synagogue. BERE'A, a city of Macedonia, 45 ms. w. of Thessalonica and 22 ms. w. of the gulf of Salonica, the same distance n. of Mt. In 362, Athens took over again. Acts 17:34. Pausanias. What principle did Jesus explain in this regard? ?a S???? To the west, the Greeks established colonies in and near Italy. He had been at Philippi, and traveled thence by the Egnatian Road, passing through Amphipolis and Apollonia on the way (Acts 17:1). It consisted, in great part, of art worship, and a round of dissipating amusement and festivities. Acts 17:2231. Passing through Amphipolis and Appolonia, they came to Thessalonica, where Paul taught for 3 weeks. An inscription on one side reads, "This is Athens, the ancient city of Theseus.". Pisistratus and sons used the Acropolis as their citadel. How far is it between Berea and Athens. Sailing in and around the Mediterranean became too dangerous in the fall (Acts 27:9-10). . Thessalonica also served as the provincial capital, and as the home of the Roman proconsul. Therefore, when I have finished this task, and have safely delivered into their hands the fruit that was collected, I will set off toward Spain (Romans 15:24, 28). Sidon And the next day we landed at Sidon (Acts 27:3). This map shows Greece during the Peloponnesian War (431 B.C.). We should inquire, not what the minister, the church, or some personal friend may say, but what the Lord says. The Signs of the Times, November 26, 1885. Unfortunately, the non-believing Jews from Thessalonica arrived in Berea to stir up trouble, so Paul was sent off to sail to Athens by himself while Timothy and Silas stayed behind. The name Pelargikon was also applied to the Nine Gates on the west end of the Acropolis wall. Athens, Corinth Now after these things, Paul departed from Athens and came to Corinth (Acts 18:1). Iconium And after shaking the dust off their feet against them, they came to Iconium (Acts 13:51). the popular assembly characteristic of Greek states, and the magistrates of the city bear the Greek name of politarchs (Acts 17:5-9). She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Study not the philosophy of mans conjectures, but study the philosophy of Him Who is truth. Keywords: Revelation, seven churches of asia Source: NASA Modern Israel Keywords: Israel Source: NASA Bible Class Atlas Download Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. The church at Thessalonica, located as it was in a prominent city of Macedonia, had an ideal opportunity to share the gospel with the whole region. Greek and Phoenician settlements in the Mediterranean Basin are displayed in this map, about 550 B.C. As a place of trade, its position . Antioch (Syria)Place where believers in Jesus are first called Christians (Acts 11:26). Marsyas after User:Sting/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 4.0. Between 1600 and 1100 B.C, Mycenaean civilization contributed innovations to engineering, architecture, the military, and more. History:Thessalonica rapidly became populous and wealthy. Department of Greek, Latin and Ancient History, University of Calgary, March 31, 1997. His heart was drawn out in deep pity for the citizens of that grand metropolis, who, notwithstanding their intellectual greatness, were given to idolatry. 4 Explain the caution of Paul while addressing the Athenian idolaters. A letter to the author, from Athens, dated April, 1884, states that it is a flourishing village, population about 8000. From its beginning in the kingdom of Macedon in 315, Thessalonica quickly became one of the most important sea ports of the kingdom due to its strategic location as a hub connecting several major trade routes, the most important one in Roman times being the Via Egnatia which ran east and west through Macedonia, connecting Europe with Asia. From Berea, Paul went to Athens. Thus, many in Berea believed the gospel message. So why did Paul travel 40 miles from Thessalonica to Berea?

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